War Jesus nur ein Durchschnittsmensch?

English version

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Viele Menschen, die dem christlichen Glauben gegenüber skeptisch sind, halten an der Idee fest, dass Jesus von Nazareth nur ein gewöhnlicher Mann unter vielen anderen war.

Ihrer Meinung nach kann der Ursprung des christlichen Glaubens wie folgt verstanden werden:

       1) Nach dem Tod von Jesus erlebten die Jünger wunderbare Halluzinationen, die in ihnen den Glauben erweckten, er wäre von den Toten auferstanden

          2) Sie glaubten nicht an ein leeres Grab, dieser Aspekt war für sie völlig irrelevant

3) Paulus hatte den selben Glauben

4) Spätere Schreiber erfunden Geschichten über das Ehrenbegräbnis von Jesus und das leere Grab

Es gibt viele nicht unplausible, widersprüchliche Theorien über den historischen Jesus,  die aufgrund des Mangels an festen historischen Daten schwer einzuschätzen sind.

Aber ich glaube, dass diese Art von Szenarien als unwahrscheinlich ausgeschlossen werden kann.

Es gab nach und vor der Zeit von Jesus viele apokalyptische Propheten, die unter einem gruseligen Leiden als Märtyrer starben. Warum hat keiner ihrer Nachfolger einen Glauben an die Auferstehung ihres Meisters entwickelt? Warum hat keiner von ihnen den Glauben entwickelt, dass ihr Meister Gott selber wäre?

Beide Aspekte waren sehr  früh nach dem Tod von Jesus innerhalb der frühen Kirche anwesend.

So denke ich, dass zumindest der Schluss berechtigt ist, dass es an Jesus etwas Besonderes lag.

Weitere Schlussfolgerungen werden sehr stark von den Denkvoraussetzungen der eigenen Weltanschauung abhängen.

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The Definition of Christianity

Deutsche Version: die Definition des Christentums .

Youtube Version

The Definition of Christianity 

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The definition of what it means to be a Christian can be quite tricky for many persons. Certain conservative definitions such as :
A Christian is someone believing in the entire Bible“ or

A Christian is someone going to the holy Mass every Sunday and taking all sacraments

are extremely reductive and exclude many people who have profound experiences with Jesus while not fulfilling the above definitions.

I will modestly propose a definition allowing us to encompass the whole Christendom:

„A Christian is someone who follows and worships a perfectly good God who revealed his true face through the life, death and resurrection of Jesus of Nazareth.“

This is certainly compatible with the two definitions mentioned above but it is not limited to them.

What to think now of the numerous German Protestant pastors who like Jesus a historical person but don’t believe in a personal God and go sometimes as far as denying the existence of any afterlife?

I would consider them as „atheists for Jesus“, they might be extraordinarily good persons and I see no reason why they won’t spend the whole eternity with God and have a very good surprise after having passed away.

But I cannot call them Christians.

Now, I’d love to hear the criticism and comments from people having various perspectives on those topics.

 

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Was Jesus just your average Joe?

Deutsche Version

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Many people skeptical of the truth of the Christian faith hold fast on the idea that Jesus of Nazareth was just an ordinary man among many others.

According to them, the origin of the Christian faith can be understood as follows:

1) After the death of Jesus the disciples experienced wonderful hallucinations which made them believe he rose from the dead

2) They didn’t believe in an empty tomb, this aspect was completely irrelevant for them

3) Paul held the same belief

4) Later writers made up stories about the honorary burial of Jesus and the empty grave

There are many not-implausible, contradictory theories about the historical Jesus which are hard to evaluate owing to the lack of hard data.

But I believe this kind of scenarios can be ruled out as being unlikely.

There were after and before Jesus time quite a few Jewish apocalyptic prophets who suffered an atrocious death as martyrs. Why did none of their followers develop a faith in the resurrection of their master? Why did none of them develop a faith that their master was God Himself?

Both aspects were present within the early Church very soon after the death of Jesus.

So I believe that the minimal conclusion that there is something special about Jesus of Nazareth is warranted.

Further conclusions are going to be hugely dependent on the presuppositions of one’s worldview.

 

 

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